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When we were kids, we couldn’t wait to look and get older. But for many of us, now that those days are here, we want to slow or even turn back the clock on how we look and feel.

While we can’t do anything about the birthdays that arrive yearly without fail, we can fight against looking and feeling older. The fight begins by making sure that your body has enough of the proper minerals - such as vitamin C.

This vitamin is the one with a lot of power behind it and it can help you remain healthy and look younger. Vitamin C works hand in hand with iron. You have to get enough vitamin C in order for your body to be able to metabolize the iron it needs.

If you happen to be a smoker, you should know that smoking depletes your body’s vitamin C, so you’ll need to pay attention to that and make sure you take supplements. When you’re getting enough vitamin C, it shows up when you look in the mirror.

You’ll notice immediate results because vitamin C goes to work fast by keeping your skin looking younger. It does this by stopping wrinkles and lines from forming on your skin.

You’ll notice that your face looks smoother and younger. It also can reverse and help protect your skin from becoming dry as you age. Vitamin C is a skin toner as well as a barrier against the effect of time on the skin’s collagen, because it boosts your collagen levels and rejuvenates your skin.

Collagen is a connective tissue, so when it starts to break down, you get saggy, wrinkled skin. But collagen isn’t just important to your outer skin - it’s also necessary for strong teeth, for the tendons and ligaments in your body and more.

You need it for healthy white blood cells and for strong blood vessels. Those are just a few of the many reasons that it’s important for you to get enough vitamin C. Not only should you make sure that your daily diet is rich in vitamin C, but you’ll also want to use skin products that contain this valuable vitamin as well.

Because vitamin C is an antioxidant, it has a lot of preventative properties. It helps protect you from free radicals that can turn into certain cancers. Besides protection against cancer, vitamin C also offers protection against certain cardiovascular diseases.

By taking vitamin C supplements, you can actually lower your risk of heart related problems that are linked with aging. Vitamin C works for your heart by not allowing the build up of plaque within your arteries.

Inside and out, vitamin C is the perfect anti aging tool. You can’t stop growing older, but you can stop looking like you have!

The B vitamins play an important role in good health. They’re needed in order to keep your muscles in tip-top shape and they’re needed to keep the immune system working like it should.

Some of the B vitamins become more well known than others in the same class. You might know that the vitamin B2 is the riboflavin vitamin. But the reason this vitamin is so important is because of the surprising anti-aging properties it contains.

This vitamin helps your body produce antibodies, helps fight certain cancers and it’s needed for red blood cell production. That’s not all this helpful ally can do in the fight against aging.

It helps give skin a healthier appearance - along with keeping hair looking younger as well. The B family of vitamins work hard as protectors - and one of the important organs it protects is your eyes.

This vitamin works in the fight against many age-related eye problems, such as the development of cataracts. Vitamin B2 also works to keep your brain sharp and is instrumental as a line of defense against Alzheimer’s disease.

When it comes to the B vitamins, you have your main vitamins such as B1 (thiamine), the B2 mentioned previously, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12. These are some of the most often utilized.

Vitamin B1 has anti aging properties because it helps keep your heart and nervous system healthy. It also slows aging and helps with cognitive function. Vitamin B3 is considered to be the gastrointestinal vitamin.

Not only does it help keep your intestines in good working order, but it fights to keep the bad cholesterol levels down, which is beneficial to your heart. You’ll find that many of these B vitamins have multiple benefits to your body.

Vitamin B5 is the B vitamin that helps your blood pressure stay at normal levels. But this vitamin also fights back against aging by keeping your skin looking younger and healthier.

B6 is good for heart health and works to prevent arthritis from developing so that your joints will stay mobile. This vitamin is crucial for mood stability. For cell growth and to maintain healthy hair and strong nails, Vitamin B7 (biotin) is necessary.

This vitamin also has crucial metabolic purposes - such as keeping glucose levels in check. Vitamin B9 (folic acid) actually helps slow the aging process. And it helps fight against age related hearing problems.

In order for healthy cell production, you must have the correct levels of Vitamin B12. This vitamin is needed to prevent osteoporosis. The whole suite of B vitamins is necessary to your body’s anti aging abilities, but each one has its individual perks.

Skincare aisles are stocked with an endless array of anti-wrinkle formulas. The packaging is different, the claims vary, but most have one thing in common: If you read the ingredients, you will invariably find retinoids -- derivatives of Vitamin A.

What are these wrinkle-erasing elixirs? We’re here to explain how they work, what they’re in and why one derivative in particular -- retinyl palmitate -- is accused of causing skin cancer.

Retin-A, in the beginning
Vitamin A is essential for healthy eyes and skin. It exists naturally in liver, butter and eggs; and its precursor, beta-carotene, is in colorful vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes and spinach. In order for the skin to benefit from Vitamin A, the body converts it to retinoic acid.

Several decades ago, this connection led dermatologists to pinpoint topical retinoids that effectively break down into retinoic acid as effective treatments for various skin ailments.

In the late 1960s, Albert Kligman, M.D., Ph.D., a dermatologist at the University of Pennsylvania, started testing a Vitamin A derivative called tretinoin on acne patients. By 1973, Kligman patented his formula for Retin-A, the first-ever effective acne treatment.

About twelve years later, Kligman and Leyden noticed Retin-A’s other lucrative effects: tretinoin patients had few wrinkles and smooth skintones. Kligman secured another set of patents, and the rest of the cosmetic industry soon followed with an abundance of anti-wrinkle retinoid treatments.

“Retinoids prevent wrinkles,” says Miami dermatologist and retinoid expert Leslie Baumann, M.D., “And, they are the only topical product that gets rid of wrinkles you already have.”

How to erase a wrinkle
Retinoids bind to corresponding receptors in the skin. This peels off the top layer, which evens skin tone, and thickens the layers below, which smoothes out wrinkles. Retinoids also boost collagen, a protein that keeps the skin firm and springy, by blocking the genes that cause it to break down and increasing other gene activity responsible for its production.

Retinoids and sunlight
Retinoids degrade in light, which is why most dermatologists recommend nighttime application.

The discovery that retinoids were photosensitive was, in part, pure luck. James Leyden, M.D., Kligman’s colleague, tells YouBeauty that their team ran out of brown test bottles during the experiments and had to put some tretinoin mixtures in clear bottles. The mixtures in the clear containers stopped working sooner than their counterparts, showing that tretinoin was unstable when exposed to light.

Contrary to Retin-A lore, however, the drug does not increase the skin’s photosensitivity (sensitivity to light) in the strictest sense. Technically, photosensitivity happens when a molecule absorbs light and produces a chemical that damages the skin.

With Retin-A, this is not the case. Instead, tretinoin molecules make the skin more sensitive to light by thinning the outer layer of skin by about a third, the equivalent of lowering its natural SPF by a few points. This means that the skin is more sensitive to sunburn. But, it does not mean that Retin-A produces harmful chemicals in sunlight.

“It’s true that if you used Retin-A and you were a lifeguard in the middle of July in Ocean City, NJ, that would be stupid,” says Leyden, the Retin-A researcher, “But if you apply it, an hour or so passes and then you go out and get in your car, that is not a problem.”

Retin-A vs. retinol
Today, the Retin-A patents have expired, allowing over-the-counter brands such as Renova, Refissa and Atralin to come to market. All of these, like Retin-A, cause skin irritation in some people. Generics are also available but have less-effective moisturizer bases, according to Baumann.

Other non-prescription anti-wrinkle creams utilize retinol, a milder option, which readily converts to retinoic acid in the skin. Retinol, however, is very unstable in heat, light and air -- more so than tretinoin -- rendering it useless if overexposed. Aluminum tubes with narrow mouths offer the best protection, such as those used in retinol products by Roc, Neutrogena and Philosophy.

Synthetic retinoids, Adapalene and Tazarotene, used in Differin and EpiDuo, are chemically different than natural retinoids, but are just as effective. Synthetics are also less reactive to sunlight and gentler on the skin.

The least effective retinoids, Baumann says, include retinal, which is naturally occurring, and retinyl esters. One retinyl ester -- retinyl palmitate -- is at the heart of a debate.

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Vitamin E is such an important vitamin but so difficult to find in a pharmacy isolated in its pure form as is the case of Dermastir glass skincare ampoules. Dermastir Vitamin E ampoules contain pure concentrate of Vitamin E.

Environmental pollution, diet, lifestyle, stress and frequent travelling can all wreak havoc on the skin. Radiant complexions dull, dry, red patches appear, spots and blackheads rear their ugly heads. Air pollution and ozone can rob the skin of Vitamin E, causing a variety of skin problems. Vitamin E when applied at night provides a barrier to protect the skin the following day.

What is Vitamin E?

Vitamin E is well known for its antioxidant capabilities but also for creating a protective barrier on the skin. Antioxidants protect vital cell structures by neutralizing molecules called “free radicals”. Free radicals are unstable molecules produced from sources like air pollution, radiation, and peroxides. Free radical damage can occur throughout the body’s several systems and ultimately lead to many diseases.

What does Vitamin E do?

Topical vitamin E has been shown to have a wide variety of skin benefits. Most importantly, Vitamin E is vital for the overall health and aesthetic beauty of the skin. Many studies have shown that vitamin E can help decrease the incidence of skin disorders and has been shown to help reduce the appearance of wrinkles on the skin.

Dermastir Vitamin E skincare ampoules, by Alta Care Laboratoires, Paris, should be applied to the face preferably at night for the above mentioned benefits. Since the Dermastir Vitamin E ampoule is a concentrate it may be applied only once every three days since the ingredients remain present and active in the skin for up to 3 days. When your skin is exposed to the sun for long periods of time during the day it is advised to apply vitamin E ampoules at night daily because not only does it help to form a barrier for the next day but it also has excellent repairing properties. If you are working or living in a polluted area it is highly recommended to use Dermastir vitamin E daily.

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